Through systematic inquiry, whether in nursing research or practice, nurses are able to develop knowledge relevant to improving the care of patients. In the early part of nursing’s history, there was little formal nursing knowledge. As nursing education developed, the need to categorize knowledge led to virginia henderson theory pdf of nursing theory to help nurses evaluate increasingly complex client care situations.
Nursing theories give a plan for reflection in which to examine a certain direction in where the plan needs to head. As new situations are encountered, this framework provides an arrangement for management, investigation and decision-making. Nursing theories also administer a structure for communicating with other nurses and with other representatives and members of the health care team. Nursing theories assist the development of nursing in formulating beliefs, values and goals.
They help to define the different particular contribution of nursing with the care of clients. Nursing theory guides research and practice. Theories developed by Neuman, Watson, Parse, Orlando and Peplau are considered unique nursing theories.
Theories and concepts that originated in related sciences have been borrowed by nurses to explain and explore phenomena specific to nursing. Grand nursing theories have the broadest scope and present general concepts and propositions. Theories at this level may both reflect and provide insights useful for practice but are not designed for empirical testing. This limits the use of grand nursing theories for directing, explaining, and predicting nursing in particular situations.