Jewish people, one of the three selichot prayers in english pdf prayers. Different traditions identify different primary components of Shacharit.
All agree that Pesukei dezimra, the Shema and its blessings, and the Amidah are major sections. Some identify the preliminary blessings and readings, as a first, distinct section. Others say that Tachanun is a separate section, as well as the concluding blessings. On certain days, there are additional prayers and services added to Shacharit, including Mussaf and a Torah reading.
Shacharit according to tradition was identified as a time of prayer by Abraham, as Genesis 19:27 states, “Abraham arose early in the morning,” which traditionally is the first Shacharit. However, Abraham’s prayer did not become a standardized prayer.
The sages of the Great Assembly may have formulated blessings and prayers that later became part of Shacharit. However, the siddur or prayerbook as we know it was not fully formed until around the 7th century C.
The prayers said still vary among congregations and Jewish communities. Shacharit was also instituted in part as a replacement of the daily morning Temple service after the destruction of the Temple.
Praying is also identified by the verb davening, which comes from the same Latin root as the English word divine. Davening Shacharit is the term for doing the service. Both actions are accompanied by blessings. Some do not eat until they have prayed.
Traditionally, a series of introductory prayers are said as the start of Shacharit. The main pieces of these prayers are Pesukei dezimra, consisting of numerous psalms, hymns, and prayers.
Pesukei dezimra is said so that an individual will have praised God before making requests, which might be considered rude. The Shema and its related blessings are said. One should “concentrate on fulfilling the positive commandment of reciting the Shema” before reciting it. One should be sure to say it clearly and not to slur words together.
On certain days, there is a Torah reading at this point in the service. On most days, three aliyot are given out as honors.